Mar 31

korien_mar31_pixabayWhat’s English for a plastic bandage you can put on a small cut? Not Band-Aid—that’s a brand name. It’s just so popular that many people don’t know any other name for that kind of bandage.

This has happened to many brands. Kleenex has become a word for any facial tissue. Xerox can be used to mean “copy”. Some people call any soda by the name Coke. Velcro is actually only one brand of “magic tape”, but there’s no other word to describe it clearly and quickly.



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Mar 30

korien_mar30_pixabay“He used to work in the mail room, but now he’s a senior manager. He’s really come up in the world.”


In the world there are many positions and jobs. Those with more power, prestige or money are considered “higher” so as you gain more power or a better job, you move “up”. When someone has a lot more power or prestige than they used to, we say they’ve “come up in the world”.




世界にはたくさんの仕事や立場がありいます。権力、地位、お金が多いのは「上」とされていますので、もっと良い地位や仕事につくと「上に上がっていく」ことになります。前と比べてとても良い地位や仕事にいる人は「come up in the world」と言います。

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Mar 29

korien_mar29_pixabay“Don’t forget to breathe.”

“It was really scary. I couldn’t breathe!”

It can be easy to confuse the spelling of “breathe” and “breath” (a noun, as in “Take a deep breath”), because the letters “eath” make the same vowel sound as in “breathe” in words like “wreath”. Take them as a pair and remember that “breathe” (the verb) has a long E sound and an E on the end. Usually an E after the last consonant makes the vowel long (like in “delete” vs. “let”).






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Mar 28

korien_mar28_pixabayA baby chicken is called a chick. Yesterday was Easter. Chicks are associated with Easter and spring because they hatch from eggs and symbolize new life.


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Mar 26

korien_mar26_pixabay“Stay back! I have a knife!”

“Stay back! There’s broken glass on the floor. Don’t come in here until I clean it up.”

In movies, people often tell monsters or other scary creatures to “stay back!” This is an urgent command not to come any closer. Fortunately we don’t need it for this very often in real life because we aren’t attacked by giant spiders on our way to work. However, you can also use it to warn people away from something dangerous.



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Mar 25

korien_mar25_pixabay“I really admire her work and look up at her as a person.”

Find the mistake.
A. admire
B. her work
C. look up at
D. as a person


誰かに憧れるとはその人が自分より上にいると考えられます。上を見上げてその人を見るようなイメージです。これは決まったフレーズですので、look up atではなくlook up toと言わなければいけません。

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Mar 24

korien_mar24_pixabayPots and pans are containers used for cooking and usually made of metal. The difference between a pot and a pan is that a pot generally has two handles, while a pan has one handle. Both are usually round or cylindrical in shape. Of course, there are exceptions. For example, a bread pan isn’t round and has no handle.


Pot(鍋)もpan(フライパンなど)も普段金属で作る料理に使う器です。違いは、大体potには取っ手が二つ、panにはひとつあります。どちらも丸いか円柱の形です。もちろん例外はあります。たとえば、パンのための器はbread panと言いますが丸くないし取っ手もありません。

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Mar 23

korien_mar23pixabay“This bicycle hasn’t been used for a while. I’m going to get it shipshape before I ride it into town this weekend.”

A ship has to be organized and in good condition before it can sail. A bicycle is not a ship, but we compare anything to a ship when it is clean, neat and in good repair.



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Mar 22

korien_mar22_pixabay“Oops! I forgot to lock the door!”

“Oh, I spelled this word wrong. Oops!”


“Oops” is something we say when we realize we made a mistake. It can also occasionally be used to sympathize with someone else’s mistake. “I just tripped on a rock.” “Oops. Are you okay?”






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Mar 19

korien_mar19_pixabay“Thank you! But what are the flowers for?”

“Just because. I don’t need a reason to bring you flowers, do I?”

We usually use “because” before the reason for something. But when there’s no reason, there’s nothing to say after “because”. It’s very romantic to do something nice for your girlfriend or boyfriend (or husband or wife) “just because”.


If you leave off “just” it sounds more childish. “Why don’t you want to eat your broccoli?” “Because!”








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