May 31

korien_may31“Do you have any spare change?”
“Don’t worry. There’s a spare tire in the trunk.”

Something that is spare is extra. It’s not needed, at least not right now. A spare tire becomes necessary when one of your regular tires goes flat.



Tagged with:
May 30

korien_may30It looks like this hydrangea is only starting to bloom! Actually, the small flowers in the middle are the ones that reproduce. The larger flowers on the edge cannot.



Tagged with:
May 28

korien_may28“I can’t afford a new dress for the party, so I’ll make do with the clothes I have.”
“I didn’t have all my equipment, so I had to make do.”

When we don’t really have everything we need to do something properly, sometimes we have to “make do” with what we do have. We could do a better job if we had more resources, but we can still do it.



Tagged with:
May 27

may27_korien“If the public finds out about this mistake, it will damage the ______ of the company.”


Fill in the blank.

A. reliability

B. reputation

C. repetition

D. reliance





Tagged with:
May 26

korien_may26“Doughnut” sounds like a nut made of dough. It is actually a sweet, fried ring made of dough. It can also be spelled as “donut”. Some doughnuts, especially when filled with cream or fruit, don’t have holes in the middle.



Tagged with:
May 25

korien_may25“I can’t believe you guys threw me a birthday party.”
“Well, I helped decorate, but John was the brains behind the operation.”

Sometimes it takes many people to do something (something good like a birthday party, or something bad like a major crime). Often there is one person who had the idea and thought of how to make it work. We say they are “the brains behind it”.


誕生会など良いこと、大きな犯罪など悪いこと、たくさんの人が協力しないとできないことがあります。誰かが言い出して、どんな風にすればできるかを考えます。こういった時にその人が「the brains behind it」と言います。

Tagged with:
May 24

korien_may24“Can you spare a dollar?”

“Spare my life,” said the magical fish, “and I’ll grant you one wish.”


In war stories or fairy tales, “spare” is often used to mean “not hurt or kill”. “Do what you want to me, but spare my children.”


A more everyday use is “Can you spare~?” or “We can/can’t spare~”. Here “spare” means to have something and not really need it. When you ask if someone can spare something, you want them to give it to you if they don’t really need it. If you say you can spare something, you are suggesting you will give it away or use it on something. “No, I’m not so busy. I can spare the time to go on a walk with you.”





戦争の物語やおとぎ話で spare は「殺さない」「傷つけない」という意味で使います。「私はどうなってもいい。子供だけは助けて!」


より日常的な使い方は、 Can you spare~? や We can/can’t spare~ です。この場合は「持っているけど(そんなに)必要ない」という意味です。誰かに Can you spare~? と聞くと「必要ないならくれませんか」という意味になります。Can spare と言ったら、「あまり必要ないから誰かにあげる」「何かに使う」という意味になります。「それほど忙しくないから、一緒に散歩に行く時間くらいあるよ」

Tagged with:
May 23

korien_may23Fog is basically a cloud that is touching the ground. It’s dangerous to drive in, but it looks beautiful on the mountains in the distance.



Tagged with:
May 21

“Oh dkorien_may21ear, your clothes are all dirty. This won’t do. Come get changed before the party.”
“This won’t do. The milk has expired. I can’t cook with this.”

When something has gone wrong or isn’t good enough, we say it “won’t do”.


ダメなこと、つかえないものは「won’t do」と言います。

Tagged with:
May 20

may20_korien“In this race, athletes from all around the country will compare to find out who is the fastest.”

Find the mistake.
A. athletes
B. all around
C. compare
D. find out



Tagged with:
preload preload preload